THE LETHAL INJECTION: PAST, PRESENT, AND FUTURE

Strapped to a gurney. Unable to move any body part except for his head.2 The charge:
first-degree murder.3 The punishment: execution by lethal injection.4 Clayton Lockett (“Lockett”)
was to serve out his punishment of death for his crime in an Oklahoma execution chamber.5
Lockett was poked and prodded with needles over ten times before the physician was able to locate
a viable vein for the IV in Lockett’s groin.6 At least what the physician believed to be a vein.
The first ingredient of the three-part cocktail known as the lethal injection, midazolam,7 is
administered.8 After seven minutes, Lockett was declared unconscious.9 Next, ingredients two
and three, better known as vecuronium bromide10 and potassium chloride, were administered.11
Although Lockett was supposed to be unconscious, suddenly he begins to move.12 Indeed, it is
vital that he is unconscious because the vecuronium bromide and potassium chloride are
excruciatingly painful.13 Nonetheless, Lockett began to thrash and lift his head in agony.14 His
groin area bubbled up with vecuronium bromide, potassium chloride, and blood.15