A Never-Ending Problem: Dilemmas Facing India and United States in Addressing Gender-Based Violence

In Boston, a forty-six-year-old driver from Uber, an app-based taxi service company, was accused of beating, strangling, and sexually assaulting a female customer when she hailed a ride from Uber that evening. In India, a brother beheaded his sister in broad daylight for having an extra-marital affair. In El Salvador, 239 girls and women were murdered in 2014, and Criminologist Israel Tacas stated that he found “the remains of murdered women and girls” in more than half of the sites he had excavated in the last twelve years. Violence against women is a widespread phenomenon. According to United Nations Development Fund for Women (UNIFEM), “one in three women [in the world] will be raped, beaten, coerced into sex, or otherwise abused in her lifetime.” Gender-based violence (“GBV”) “can significantly affect the ability of women and girls to participate in political, economic, and peace and security initiatives.” The United Nations General Assembly Declaration on the Elimination of Violence states that “violence against women is one of the crucial social mechanisms by which women are forced into a subordinate position compared with men.”